(b Białystok, Poland, 1893; d Pacific Palisades, Calif., 1963).
Polish‐born soprano. Child singer. Fled from pogrom in Poland to It. Taught by Eva Tetrazzini and by Barbara Marchisio at Naples Cons. Opera début Parma 1913 (Leonora in Oberto), then at La Scala 1916 (Aida). Sang Aida at Chicago Opera 1913, becoming member of orch. 1917–32, 1933–6. CG début 1914 (Aida). Created role of Asteria in Boito's Nerone, Milan, 1924, and was chosen by Puccini to be first Turandot (La Scala 1926). Much admired as Marschallin (Der Rosenkavalier), Norma, and Tosca. Retired 1938 and taught in Chicago, where she opened a singing‐sch. with her husband, the bar. Giacomo Rimini (1888–1952).