(b Lochau, nr Bregenz, 26 March 1559; d Salzburg, 16 Jan 1617). Austrian ecclesiastic and patron. He was a great-nephew of Pope Pius IV and related through his mother to the Medici family of Milan. In 1587 he was elected Archbishop of Salzburg. His absolutist style of rule brought him into conflict with the cathedral chapter and provincial diet, the traditional rights of which he sharply curtailed. A linguist, bibliophile and writer, he was a patron of theatre and dance and of church and court music, as well as of the visual arts. He summoned such artists as the goldsmith Paulus van Vianen (see Vianen, van, (2)) and the painter Francesco Vanni (1563–1610) to Salzburg.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.