(1851–1939), NT scholar. Educated at Aberdeen, Oxford, and Göttingen, he became Fellow successively of Exeter (1882) and Lincoln (1885) Colleges, Oxford. From 1886 to 1911 he was Professor of Humanity at Aberdeen. He travelled extensively in Asia Minor, and became an eminent authority on its geography and history. He was also a keen student of the NT, making extensive use of his archaeological and other learning in defence of a moderate conservatism. His books include The Historical Geography of Asia Minor (1890), The Church in the Roman Empire (1893), The Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia (2 vols., 1895, 1897), St Paul, the Traveller and the Roman Citizen (1895) and Was Christ born at Bethlehem? (1898).
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.