(b Gaaden, 1898; d St Gilgen, 1968).
Austrian‐born conductor and composer. Cond. Vienna Volksoper 1922–5. Cond. opera at Reichenberg and Königsberg, 1925–8, then ch.‐master to Klemperer at Kroll Opera, Berlin, 1928–31. Graz Opera 1932–7, Prague 1937–9. Settled in Eng. 1939. Mus. dir. new CG Opera Co. 1946–51. Prin. cond. Scottish Nat. Orch. 1952–7. Mus. dir. Elizabethan Opera Trust, Sydney, NSW, 1958–60. Wrote 8 syms., oratorio, str. qt., and opera Deirdre of the Sorrows.