A Norman cleric whose nickname—Flambard meaning incendiary—probably reflects the burning eloquence which he turned against the king's enemies. His role as political and financial adviser to William Rufus made him notorious in church circles. In 1099 he was made bishop of Durham. In 1100 Henry I, in a gesture calculated to win support, threw Flambard into the Tower. Within six months he escaped and made his way to Normandy. He helped to plan Duke Robert's 1101 invasion, yet soon afterwards was back in Henry I's favour and restored to Durham.
Subjects: British History.