Hans Raphon

(fl. 1489)

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(fl 1489; d Northeim, after 1512).

German painter. He is first mentioned in 1489 and 1490, along with Hans von Geismar, as receiving payments and canvas in Hannoversch Münden for unidentified works. A self-portrait (c. 1490) on the Calvary panel of the altarpiece for the Paulinerkirche in Göttingen shows a man of about 30. The 13 surviving scenes of the Passion from this double-winged altarpiece are now in the National Gallery, Prague. Stylistically they indicate an apprenticeship in Franconia, in the circle around the workshop of the young Albrecht Dürer and his teachers Michael Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff: there is a freshness in the depiction of natural phenomena, and foliage is indicated in a graphic, draughtsmanlike way. Crowded figures predominate, some of them derived from engravings by Martin Schongauer. The surviving inscription describes Raphon as a second Apelles.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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