Term referring to specific formations of rapid deployment force, which can be defined as a ‘short‐notice contingency force’. At the Helsinki summit of 1999, European Union leaders decided to give teeth to their Common Foreign and Security Policy, by setting up a European Rapid Reaction Force (ERRF). Member states committed themselves to fielding a total of 60,000 group troops, deployable within 60 days, for periods of up to one year. The ERRF will provide the EU with its own military capability and allow it to undertake tasks from humanitarian and rescue missions to peacekeeping and actual combat; the so‐called Petersberg Tasks. The ERRF will come into action only ‘where NATO as a whole is not engaged’.
Yuen Foong Khong