(b. 1864?, d. 30 Dec. 1916).
Russian monk Born in Prokoskoye in Siberia, the son of a peasant, he claimed mystical healing powers. He came to live at the Tsarist court in 1907. His beneficial treatment of the haemophiliac Crown Prince won him a disastrous hold over Tsarina Alexandra, an influence which increased when her husband Nicholas II left the court to command the army in 1915. Rasputin and the Tsarina were thought to be lovers, and together they virtually ruled Russia, dismissing all of the more liberal ministers. The resulting government inefficiency was responsible to a great degree for the failure to get adequate supplies to the Tsar and the army. Rasputin's drinking habits and sexual excesses discredited the court and in December 1916 he was murdered by a group of noblemen led by Prince Yusupov.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).