(1) Area in the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina, near the Prophet Muhammad's tomb, referred to in hadith literature as a paradisaical garden (rawdah). (2) Island and residential area on the Nile River, located between al-Fustat on the eastern bank and al-Gizah on the western side. Also known as Jazirat al-Miqiyas and Jazirat al-Hisn. During medieval times hosted a naval arsenal, fortresses, splendid buildings, and gardens. Al-Malik al-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub built his famous fortress on the island (1240–49) to accommodate his Bahari Mamluks. Successive rulers removed materials from its palaces to erect buildings on other sites.