(1820–69), after a brief association with Horace Greeley, founded his own paper, The New York Times (1851), to oppose the intemperate and distorted journalism of the period. His sound, impartial policies soon won the paper great success. He was also editor of Harper's Monthly (1850–56), but had little time for active work on it after the first year. He was a member of Congress (1865–67) and was the author of History of the Administration of President Lincoln (1864), a campaign document, later expanded into The Life and Public Services of Abraham Lincoln (1865).
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.