French painter, born at Eymoutiers, Haute-Vienne. Rebeyrolle had painted from childhood and took up art seriously when he moved to Paris in 1944, studying at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. He had grown up in the countryside with a love of hunting and fishing and often painted rural themes; the Vaugirard slaughterhouses, near where he lived, also provided some of his subjects, which he treated in earthy colours in a robust style, with a caricature-like approach to faces and bodies. With a number of like-minded painters he founded the Social Realist group Homme-Témoin in 1948. He won the Prix de la Jeune Peinture in 1950 and the Prix Fénéon in 1951 and became regarded as a leader in the realist tendency—in opposition to the prevailing abstraction—in post-war French painting. His work also had a notable influence on young British realists of the time. In 1956 Rebeyrolle started to develop a looser style and in the 1960s his subjects were sometimes barely legible among his splashed and swirling paint.