reality testing

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

Objective differentiation between the external world and one's inner imaginative world, loss of which in a mental disorder tends to indicate lack of insight (3) and is often taken to be indicative of psychosis (1). The term is used widely in clinical psychology and is closely related to reality monitoring in cognitive psychology. The concept was introduced by the Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) in his article on ‘Formulations on the Two Principles of Mental Functioning’ (1911, Standard Edition, XII, pp. 218–26).

Subjects: Psychology.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.