1 The title given to the head teacher of a Scottish school.
2 The rector is the third ranked official of university governance (behind the chancellor and the principal and vice‐chancellor) in the four ancient Scottish universities: Aberdeen, St Andrews, Edinburgh, and Glasgow. The post‐holder is elected at regular intervals (usually every three years to enable every undergraduate completing a degree to vote at least once), and their role includes the chairing of meetings of the University Court, the governing body of the university. The election of the rector is considered by many students to be integral to their ability to shape the university's agenda and it is one of the main functions of the rector to represent the interests of the students. To some extent the office has evolved into that of a figurehead, with a trend towards celebrities being elected to the role; but there has been a resurgence of interest in recent years in the idea of electing more experienced figures in order to avoid the possibility that the status of the rector as chair of the Court might be discontinued.
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