Red Guards

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Mao Zedong (1893—1976) Chinese statesman



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CAMPBELL, Ewen (1897 - 1975), Member of Council, British Red Cross Society, 1970–74, Chairman, Executive Committee, Scottish Branch, 1962–70; Secretary, South-Eastern Regional Hospital Board, Scotland, 1948–62; Sudan Political Service (retired); Member Queen’s Body Guard for Scotland, Royal Company of Archers

Mountbatten, Louis (Francis Albert Victor Nicholas) (1900 - 1979), Governor of the Isle of Wight, 1965; Lord-Lieutenant of the Isle of Wight, since 1974; Personal ADC to the Queen since 1953 (Personal Naval ADC to King Edward VIII, 1936, and to King George VI, 1937–52); Col of the Life Guards, 1965; Col Commandant of the Royal Marines, 1965; Hon. Lt-Gen. and Air Marshal, 1942, and Hon. Colonel: Calcutta Light Horse, 1947; 292 Airborne Field Regt, 1947–55, 289 Parachute Regt, RHA(TA), 1956; 4/5th Bn The Royal Hampshire Regiment (TA), 1964–71; an Elder Brother of Trinity House; Grand President: Brit. Commonwealth Ex-Services League, 1946–74; Royal Life Saving Society; Royal Over-Seas League; Pres. of Council of SSAFA; King George’s Fund for Sailors; Royal Naval Film Corporation, Royal Naval Saddle Club, Sailors Home and Red Ensign Club, Gordon Smith Inst., Liverpool, Training Ship Mercury and Commando Benevolent Fund; Society of Genealogists; Britain-Burma Soc.; Past Pres., Soc. of Film and Television Arts; Mem. and Past Pres., Inst. of Electronic and Radio Engineers; Chm. and Founder, National Electronics Research Council; Commodore Sea Scouts; Mem. and Past Prime Warden Shipwrights’ Company; Hon. Mem. Honourable Company of Master Mariners; Mem. Mercers’, Vintners’ and Grocers’ Companies; Royal Swedish Naval Soc.; Inner Magic Circle; Sword of Honour and Freedom of City of London, 1946; High Steward, 1940, and First Freeman, 1946, of Romsey; Freedom of City of Edinburgh, 1954; Freedom of Paimpol, 1961


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Militant young supporters of Mao Zedong during the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966–69). Taking their name from the army units organized by Mao in 1927, the Red Guards, numbering several million, provided the popular, paramilitary vanguard of the Cultural Revolution. As well as supposed reactionaries, they attacked the Communist Party establishment, China's cultural heritage, and all vestiges of Western influence, maintaining the momentum of the movement through mass demonstrations, a constant poster war, and violent attacks on people and property. Fighting between opposing Red Guard groups led to thousands of deaths. After the Cultural Revolution, many were sent into the countryside for forced ‘re-education’.

Subjects: World History.

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