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The restoration of a complete mental state when only a single element of it is experienced. A classic literary example, often quoted as an illustration of the power of the chemical senses to reawaken memories from the distant past, occurs at the end of the ‘Overture’ to the vast novel À la Recherche du Temps Perdu (Remembrance of Things Past) by the French novelist Marcel Proust (1871–1922), where the taste of a madeleine cake soaked in lime tea evokes vivid memories of childhood: ‘I had recognized the taste of the crumb of madeleine soaked in her concoction of lime-flowers which my aunt used to give to me. … Immediately the old grey house upon the street, where her room was, rose up like the scenery of a theatre to attach itself to the little pavilion, opening on to the garden, which had been built out behind it for my parents’, and so on for seven volumes. See also state-dependent memory. [From Latin re- again + integrare to make whole, from integer whole]

Subjects: Psychology.

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