Members of a nationalist organization in British India in the North-West Frontier province. Formed in 1929 by Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, it was correctly entitled Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God). It provided the main support for Ghaffar Khan's control of the province until 1946, during which time it was deployed in support of Congress policies. Opposed to partition in 1947 Ghaffar Khan and the Red Shirts campaigned for a separate state of Pakhtunistan. The new government of Pakistan banned the Red Shirts and imprisoned Ghaffar Khan for 30 years.
Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).