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A cognitive style, first identified in 1958 by the US psychologist Jerome Kagan (born 1929), characterized by either reflection or reflectivity, a tendency to consider and deliberate over alternative solutions to problems, or impulsivity, a tendency to respond spontaneously without deliberation, especially in situations of uncertainty. It is usually measured by analysing patterns of response latencies and errors in simple tasks, a reflective person generally producing relatively few errors but long response times, and an impulsive person more errors but shorter response times. See also Matching Familiar Figures Test. Also called conceptual tempo.

Subjects: Psychology.

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