A disparity between the standards of living applying within a nation. It is difficult to quantify the prosperity or poverty of a region, but there are two basic indicators: unemployment (which has been used in Britain as a symptom since the 1920s), and per capita income, which in England generally falls to the north and west: the North–South divide was ‘produced essentially by the…metropolitan South as a way of differentiating itself from northern “others” ’ (A. Baker and M. Billinge2004). Some would assert that economic development brings about regional inequality, but Fan and Sun (2008) Euras. Geog. & Econ. 49, 1 reveal that both interregional and intraregional inequalities in China have declined since 2004. See also uneven development.
Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.