A second hearing of a case already adjudicated upon. In criminal proceedings, an appeal to the Crown Court against conviction before a magistrates' court consists of a rehearing before a judge sitting with two lay magistrates in which the evidence is heard again and fresh evidence may be introduced. An appeal to the Court of Appeal is usually limited to a reading of the original trial evidence. In civil proceedings, Part 52 of the Civil Procedure Rules provides that every appeal will be limited to a review of the decision of the lower court unless the court considers that in the circumstances of an individual appeal it would be in the interests of justice to hold a rehearing. See also new trial.