(b Schwerte, 23 May 1894; d Munich, 30 Dec 1949). German baritone. He studied in Hagen, Düsseldorf and Munich, making his début in Emmerich Kálmán's Die Faschingsfee at Coburg in 1919. At Stuttgart (1921–4) he sang over 40 roles and in 1925 he joined the Staatsoper in Munich, where he remained until 1943. He was a popular Papageno but also sang dramatic roles such as Macbeth, Rigoletto, Amfortas and Telramund. In 1931 he appeared in the première of Hans Pfitzner's Das Herz. He was also much in demand throughout Germany as a recitalist, admired by Richard Strauss, who was his accompanist on a concert tour of Norway. His recordings reveal a somewhat dry voice with limited appeal, though his singing can be tender and intense in feeling.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.