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Steve Reich

(b. 1936) American composer


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(b NY, 1936).

Amer. composer; one of the minimalists. Worked with S. Francisco tape mus. centre 1963–5, then est. own EMS in NY and formed own ens., Steve Reich and Musicians, 1966, with which he achieved internat. fame and success. Though influenced to some degree by African and Asian mus., his works deal exclusively with very gradual changes in time. Prin. comps.:

dance:

Impact

(1985);

Variations for Vibes, Pianos and Strings

, 3 str. qts., 4 vib., 2 pf., dancers (2005).

music theatre:

The Cave

(1989–93);

3 Tales

(2001).

orch.:

Pendulum Music

, 3 or more microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and perf. (1968);

Music for a Large Ensemble

(1978);

Variations

, winds, str., kbd. (1979, rev. 1980);

Eight Lines

(rev. of Octet) (1979, rev. 1983);

Three Movements

(1986);

The Four Sections

(1987);

Duet

, 2 vns., str. (1993);

For Strings (with Winds and Brass)

, orch. (1987/2004).

voices & orch.:

Tehillim

, vv., ens. (1981), vv., chamber orch. (1982);

The Desert Music

, 27 amp. vv., orch. (1982–4), 10 amp. vv., orch. (1985);

Proverb

, vv., ens. (1995);

You Are (Variations)

, vv., chamber orch. (2004);

Daniel Variations

, 6 vv., large ens. (2006).

perc./keyboard ens.:

Piano Phase

, 2 pf. or 2 marimbas (1967);

Phase Patterns

, 4 elec. org. (1970);

Four Organs

, 4 elec. org., maracas (1970);

Drumming

, 4 pairs of tuned bongos, 3 marimbas, 3 glockenspiels, 2 female vv., whistling, picc. (1971, in 4 parts each of which may be perf. separately);

Music for Pieces of Wood

, 5 pairs of tuned claves (1973);

Six Pianos

(1973);

Music for Mallet Instruments, Voices, and Organ

(1973);

Music for 18 Musicians

, with 4 wordless female vv. (1976);

Sextet

(1984, rev. 1985);

Six Marimbas

(version of Six Pianos) (1986);

City Life

, 17 players (1995).

solo instr(s).

or small ens.: Reed Phase, sop. sax, tape (1966);

Violin Phase

vn., tape or 4 vns. (1967);

Clapping Music

, 2 perf. clapping (1972);

Vermont Counterpoint

, fl. (picc., alto fl.), tape (1982);

New York Counterpoint

, cl., tape (1985), ens. version for 9 cl. (1987);

Electric Counterpoint

, elec. gui., tape (1987), ens. version for 11 elec. gui., 2 elec./bass gui. (1989);

Different Trains

, str. qt., tape (1988);

City Life

, amp. ens. (1995);

Triple Quartet

, str. qt., tape/str. ens./str. orch. (1998);

Dance Patterns

, 2 xyl., 2 vib., 2 pf. (2002);

Cello Counterpoint

, amp. vc., tape (2003).

tape:

It's gonna rain

(1965);

Melodica

(1966);

Come Out

(1966).

Subjects: music.


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