(orig. Schmidt; b Chemnitz, 20 Dec. 1926; d Berlin, 15 Dec. 2005)
German dancer, teacher, and director. He studied at the Berlin Staatsoper Ballet School and with T. Gsovsky, and made his debut in 1942 with the Berlin Staatsoper, becoming soloist (1946). He was principal dancer at the Buenos Aires Teatro Colón (1951–3) after which he returned to Berlin as soloist with the Municipal Opera Ballet (later Berlin Opera Ballet). In 1955 he formed the Berlin Ballet with T. Gsovsky and frequently toured with the company until the mid-1960s. A dancer of considerable sensitivity and classical style, he created roles in many ballets by Gsovsky including Hamlet (1953), The Moor of Venice (1956), and Tristan (1965). In 1961 he was appointed director of the newly expanded Berlin Opera Ballet bringing in many outside dancers and choreographers to broaden the company's range. He remained there as MacMillan's administrator after the latter became director in 1966 and again directed the company from 1972 to 1990. In 1967 he established his own school, the Berlin Ballet Academy where he continued to teach. He was awarded the Cross of Merit of the German Federal Republic in 1987.