(b Vienna, 11 April 1895; d Berlin, 7 Feb 1961). Austrian baritone. He studied in Vienna and Milan, making his début at Olomouc in 1919. Nuremberg, Zürich, Dresden and Hamburg claimed him in turn, until in 1928 he sang at the Staatsoper in Berlin where, apart from a break in the 1940s, he remained until 1944, joining the Komische Oper in 1952 and singing there for the last time in Robert Kurka's The Good Soldier Schweik two days before his death. At Bayreuth his roles included Gunther and Amfortas, and at Salzburg in 1942 he sang an admired Mandryka. He was also a guest artist at La Scala and in Vienna, Paris and Rome. His Italian training helped him to play a leading part in the Verdi revivals, such as those of Simon Boccanegra and Don Carlos in Berlin. The crowning achievement of his career was his Boris Godunov, sung in the original version at Berlin and Munich. His many recordings cover both the Italian and the German parts of his repertory, showing a voice of considerable power and beauty, used expressively and with care for evenness of production.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.