(b Prague, 14 Dec. 1828; d Berlin, 1892)
Austrian choreographer who created the first, short-lived Swan Lake to Tchaikovsky's score (Moscow, 1877). His first significant professional engagement was ballet master at Leipzig (1864–72) after which he was invited to Moscow in 1871 to choreograph Cinderella or The Magic Slipper (mus. Wilhelm Mühldörfer). He was ballet master at the Bolshoi Theatre (1873–8) during which time he staged several ballets by P. Taglioni. After leaving he returned to Prague where he was ballet master at the National Theatre for the 1883/4 season.