1. The representation of one medium in another, which operates on a number of levels: for example, a shot of a painting in a film or a film's cinematography employing a painterly aesthetic. For Bolter and Richard Grusin, American new media theorists, remediation is a defining characteristic of all new media. See also hypermedia; immediacy.
2. The process by which new media are developed to represent more fully human perceptual and communicational faculties: for example, stereo is an improvement on mono sound because humans have two ears. Proposed by the American media theorist Paul Levinson (b.1947).
3. The processes by which humans compensate for the unforeseen consequences of their technological innovation. For example, the problem of not being able to see through a wall is solved by a window and the problem of the window destroying privacy is solved by blinds (Levinson).