The statement of Arminian doctrine drawn up at Gouda in 1610. It contains the celebrated five articles, taken from J. Arminius' Declaratio Sententiae of 1608, which summarized the Remonstrants' doctrine and set the agenda for the ensuing controversies. It repudiated both the supralapsarian and sublapsarian forms of predestination, the doctrine that Christ died only for the elect, and the notion that, for the latter, grace was both irresistible and indefectible. The Remonstrants were condemned at the Synod of Dort (1618–19).
Subjects: Christianity — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).