(b Essen, 1911; d Salzburg, 1978). Ger. producer and intendant. Film producer 1933. Worked in opera, at Felsenstein's prompting, at Wuppertal, Frankfurt, and Mainz 1935–9, Königsberg 1939–42, Berlin 1942–4, Munich 1945. Salzburg Fest. début 1947 (Arabella), and many prods. until his death. Intendant, Hamburg Opera 1946–56, making it leading Ger. co. of its day and staged such 20th-cent. operas as Peter Grimes, Wozzeck, Lulu, and The Rake's Progress. Glyndebourne début 1959 (Fidelio), joint art. orch. 1960–7. Guest producer CG, NY Met, and other leading opera houses. Staatsintendant, Bavarian State Opera, Munich, 1967–77.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.