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Retaliatory measures taken by one state against another to settle a dispute occasioned by the other's illegal or unjustified conduct. Reprisals include boycotts, embargoes, and limited military action. A military reprisal, if otherwise than for the purpose of lawful self‐defence under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, is now illegal under international law, other than within very narrow exceptions to the general principle.

Subjects: International Law.

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