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An alkaloid extracted from the roots of the south-east Asian plant Rauwolfiaserpentina, used for the treatment of hypertension and as a sedative and tranquillizer. It has a broad spectrum of pharmacological actions, including especially the progressive depletion of the neurotransmitters noradrenalin (norepinephrine), dopamine, and serotonin from synaptic vesicles in the central nervous system, and it tends to cause severe depression. [From German Reserpin an irregular blend of Latin Rauwolfia and serpentina]

Subjects: Chemistry — Psychology.

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