In psychoanalysis, one of three types of hysteria distinguished in 1895 by the Austrian physician Josef Breuer (1842–1925) and Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) in Studies on Hysteria (Standard Edition, II, at pp. 169–73), supposedly characterized by emotions that have not undergone abreaction and are therefore retained, Freud's case of Rosalia H (pp. 169–73) being the classic example. After 1895 Freud came to believe that all hysteria is defence hysteria, and he abandoned the tripartite distinction. Compare defence hysteria, hypnoid hysteria.