Cardinal de Retz


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Abp. of Paris. He was forced into an ecclesiastical career by his family, who had held the see of Paris since 1570. In 1643 he was appointed Coadjutor-Abp. of Paris to his uncle and in 1652 made a cardinal. Soon afterwards, at the insistence of J. Mazarin, he was imprisoned. On his uncle's death in 1654, the King made him sign a resignation of the archbishopric, but the Pope refused to accept it. Retz escaped from prison and went to Rome. After Mazarin's death, in 1661 he returned to Paris and resigned his see in exchange for the abbey of Saint-Denis, held incommendam.

Subjects: Literature — Christianity.

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