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Jean-Baptiste Réveillon

(1725—1811)


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(b Paris, 1725; d Paris, 1811). French wallpaper manufacturer. In 1753 he began to import and hang flock wallpapers from England before starting to imitate them himself. His papers were in turn bought by the English, notably the Reveillon paper (c. 1770) in the Drawing Room at Clandon Park (Surrey, NT). In 1759 he moved to the Faubourg Saint-Antoine, Paris (then a neighbourhood dominated by the various crafts associated with furnishing), where he launched production of a full range of wallpapers. In 1775 he opened a paper mill at Courtalin, near Faremoutiers (Seine-et-Marne), to improve both the quantity and quality of his paper supply, and he perfected the manufacture of vellum paper in 1782. The following year he was granted permission to use the title of Manufacture Royale. His purchase of the paper mill and expertise in paper production brought him into contact with Etienne de Montgolfier, and it was from Réveillon's gardens at Folie Titon that the first hot-air balloon was launched on 12 September 1783. A second balloon, called ‘Le Réveillon’, was launched a week later at Versailles.

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From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.


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