(c. 864—932)

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The Westernized name of Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, a Persian scientist, physician, and Platonist philosopher in the Islamic age of enlightenment. He fostered the expansion of empirical medical knowledge and practical procedures for treatment, rather than theoretical reflections on illness and health. His contributions to public health included a recommended behavioral regimen to preserve good health and, in the field of clinical communicable disease control, criteria to distinguish smallpox from measles and much else.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Public Health and Epidemiology.

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