(b. 30 Apr. 1893, d. 16 Oct. 1946).
Nazi Foreign Secretary 1938–45 He joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and became a mediator between Hitler and von Papen later that year. After Hitler came to power he was increasingly involved in diplomatic missions, and achieved his first success with the conclusion of the German-British Naval Treaty of 1935. He was ambassador to the UK 1936–8. However, as Foreign Secretary his policies were increasingly directed against Britain, most notably through the Hitler-Stalin Pact, which was a major diplomatic coup. He was found guilty at the Nuremberg trials and executed.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Second World War.