It. (orig. Sp.) family of music publishers, founded in Milan 1808. Pubd. operas and other works of Bellini, Rossini, and Donizetti. Under Giulio Ricordi (1840–1912), the firm prospered, especially through his championship of and friendship with Verdi, and later Puccini. Succeeded by his son Tito (1865–1933). London branch orch. 1824–8, re‐est. 1875; Paris 1888; NY 1911 (now closed).