(1833–1908). Spanish landscape painter. He was initially trained by his brother Bernardino (1825–94), an engraver, and later at the Madrid Academy, under Federico de Madrazo. An outstanding student, he won a bursary to study in Paris in 1862. Whilst in France he also visited England and Switzerland, recording his travels in a series of Turneresque sketches (New York, Hispanic Society of America). In Paris he was influenced by the Barbizon painters, particularly Daubigny, reflected in works like Laundresses of Varenne: The Banks of the Seine (c. 1865; Madrid, Prado). In 1870 he travelled in southern Spain and settled in Venice a year later. His palette lightened and works like the View of Venice (c. 1872; Madrid, Prado) sparkle with reflected light. This change was partly due to the effect of Venetian light and water but also reveals an awareness of the palette and technique of his slightly younger fellow countrymen and expatriates Fortuny y Marsal and Rosales y Martínez. His undoubted skill and attractive undemanding subjects won him much success including medals at the Paris Expositions Universelles of 1878 and 1889.
From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.