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(i.e. Rye Vale), N. Yorks. One of the earliest Cistercian foundations in England. At the invitation of Thurstan (d. 1140), Abp. of York, a colony of Cistercians was sent by St Bernard of Clairvaux to England to start a monastery, and in 1131 Walter Espec provided them with a site about 20 miles N. of York. By the time of St Ailred, its third abbot (1147–67), the community numbered 600. The abbey lies in ruins, but the greater part of the exquisite Early English cruciform church remains.

Subjects: Christianity — British History.

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