Illeg. s. of Henry I, b. c.1090; cr. earl of Gloucester 1122; m. Matilda, da. of Robert Fitzhamon; d. 31 Oct. 1147; bur. St James's church, Bristol.
Robert was the mainstay of the forces of the empress Matilda during the civil war of Stephen's reign. He was born in Caen, fought in his father's French wars, and had the custody of Robert ‘Curthose’, erstwhile duke of Normandy. He acquiesced at first in the choice of Stephen as king in 1135, but by 1138 had joined Matilda's party. In 1141 he succeeded in capturing Stephen at Lincoln, but was himself taken shortly afterwards by the queen's troops. The two prisoners were exchanged. He was still campaigning against Stephen when he died at Bristol in 1147.
Subjects: British History.