James Robertson

(1814—1888) engraver and photographer

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(1813–82?), British photographer. Robertson was chief engraver and superintendent of the Imperial Mint in Constantinople, where his earliest dated photographs (1854) were made. In 1856 he photographed the Crimean War. He attracted notice when his photographs were exhibited in London with those of Roger Fenton. In 1857 he was appointed official photographer to the British army in India and travelled with Felice, and perhaps Antonio, Beato to photograph the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion. They photographed in Egypt and Palestine en route to India (confusion regarding which brothers participated is due to signatures on photographs which include ‘Robertson and Beato’ and ‘Robertson Beato et cie.’). Initially, in Constantinople and the Crimea, Robertson worked with the paper-negative system, but later mastered the wet-plate process to produce highly detailed albumen prints from large glass negatives.

From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

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