American architect. He worked in Jenney's office before enrolling at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, where he acquired an understanding of eclectic styles. He designed the Winton Building, Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL (1904—with a reinforced-concrete frame), and made his name with the scholarly Classical New Haven Post Office and Court House, CT (1911–19). His most distinguished work was at Yale University, New Haven, where he designed the Memorial Quadrangle and Harkness Tower (1916–21), a refined, scholarly, and architecturally powerful essay in Collegiate Gothic. He followed this triumph with Sterling Memorial Library (1924–30), the Sterling Law Buildings (1926–30), and the Hall of Graduate Studies (1927–32), all in a clever abstracted Gothic style of great sophistication. Other works include the Residential Buildings, Yale University (1928–33), the Columbia Presbyterian Hospital, NYC (1923–8), and the Butler Library, Columbia University, NYC (1932–4).
AmA, cxx/2379 (1921), 298–314;AF, xxxi/3 (1919), 85–90;ARe, lviii/2 (1925), 101–15;Betsky (1994);Placzek (ed.) (1982);Perspecta, xviii (1982);Jane Turner (1996)