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rokusō


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(Jap.; Chin., liu hsiang).

In Hua-Yen (Jap., Kegon) thought, the ‘six characteristics’ or features that all phenomena are thought to exhibit: (1) universality, meaning the sum of all characteristics proper to a phenomenon (as when all persons have both eyes and ears); (2) particularity, meaning those characteristics that distinguish it from other phenomena (as the eyes and ears of individual persons remain distinct); (3) sameness, referring to those characteristics that it shares in common with other phenomena (eyes and ears both mediate sense data to the mind); (4) difference, meaning that all the parts of a single phenomenon differ from one another; (5) integration, as when eyes and ears come together to contribute to the formation of the single person; and (6) disintegration, which means that eyes and ears still have their own paths to follow even in integration, and will break apart eventually. As can be seen, these six characteristics are arranged in three pairs in which the first emphasizes commonalities, the second differences.

(1) universality, meaning the sum of all characteristics proper to a phenomenon (as when all persons have both eyes and ears); (2) particularity, meaning those characteristics that distinguish it from other phenomena (as the eyes and ears of individual persons remain distinct); (3) sameness, referring to those characteristics that it shares in common with other phenomena (eyes and ears both mediate sense data to the mind); (4) difference, meaning that all the parts of a single phenomenon differ from one another; (5) integration, as when eyes and ears come together to contribute to the formation of the single person; and (6) disintegration, which means that eyes and ears still have their own paths to follow even in integration, and will break apart eventually. As can be seen, these six characteristics are arranged in three pairs in which the first emphasizes commonalities, the second differences.

Subjects: Buddhism.


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