Paolo Rolli

(1687—1765) translator and librettist

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(1687–1765). Arcadian poet and translator. Born in Rome and a pupil of Gian Vincenzo Gravina, he entered the Arcadia academy as Eulibio Brentiatico, quickly gaining a reputation as an improviser. In 1716 he moved to London, where he became a private tutor to children of the nobility and the royal family, and stayed until 1744. He wrote libretti for Handel, Giovanni Bononcini, Nicola Antonio Porpora, and others, and published various collections of shorter poems, becoming the most famous author of lyrics for music of the century apart from Metastasio. He translated Milton's Paradise Lost (1733), and edited Italian classics that were under ecclesiastical censorship in Italy itself, including Alessandro Marchetti's translation of Lucretius (1717) and the Decameron (1725). [See also Rococo.]

From The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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