A model of industrial relations in which the state plays a dominant role. Freedom of association and the right to withdraw labour are guaranteed in a written constitution and there is an extensive statutory labour code, which regulates all major aspects of the employment relationship. Countries that approximate to the Roman-German system include Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands. Because of the dominance of this model within Europe, it has necessarily influenced the social policy of the European Union, and member states with a tradition of voluntarism, such as the UK, Ireland, and Denmark, have moved towards the Roman-German pattern in recent years. [See coordinated market economy and varieties of capitalism.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.