(b Graz, 1895; d Lugano, 1962). Austrian conductor and pianist. Cond. and dir., mus. sch., Mainz 1923–30; chief cond. Frankfurt radio orch. 1928–37; Münster Opera 1938–41; Strasbourg Opera 1941–4; Munich PO 1945–8; SW Ger. Radio Orch. 1948–62; Zurich Tonhalle Orch. 1950 (mus. dir. from 1957). Chief cond. Aix-en-Provence Fest. 1947–59. Frequently cond. at Donaueschingen, promoting early works of Boulez and Stockhausen. Cond. f.p. (radio and stage) of Moses und Aron (Hamburg, 1954 and Zurich, 1957). Renowned interpreter and champion of 20th-cent. mus. Cond. f.p. of Bartók's 2nd pf. conc., with composer as soloist, 1933.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.