(b Paris, 1904; d Paris, 2003).
Fr. composer and conductor. Cond. of many Fr. orchs.; co‐cond., Fr. Nat. Radio Orch. 1934–9, chief orch. 1944–7. Cond. Seattle SO 1949–51. Salzburg Fest. 1959. Prof. of cond., Paris Cons., from 1962. Cond. Liège SO 1964–7. NY Met début 1981. Cond. Der Ring at Seattle 1986. Works incl. oratorio St Francis of Assisi (1936–9); orch. suite Joan of Arc (1936); sym. (1949); mass (1953); operas; and chamber mus. Arr. of ballet Gaîté parisienne (1938) from Offenbach themes. Orch. transcrs. of works by Ravel.