Rosetta Stone

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An inscribed basalt stela discovered at Rosetta at the western mouth of the Nile in Egypt in July 1799, during Napoleon's occupation of the country. The inscription is an honorific decree by Ptolemy V passed on 27 March 196 bc, which has parallel texts in Greek, Demotic, and Egyptian hieroglyphs. It provided the key to the decipherment of the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic script by the French scholar Jean François Champollion in the early 1820s. The Rosetta Stone is now in the British Museum in London.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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