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The earliest rostra, or speaker's platform, at Rome lay on the south side of the comitium; it existed in 338 bc when it was adorned with the prows (rostra) of ships captured from Antium. The long, straight platform is associated with the second level of the comitium. When rebuilt in the mid‐3rd cent. it had a curved front. Caesar replaced the republican rostra with a new curved structure at the west end of the forum in 44. Augustus extended the Julian rostra, adding a rectangular platform faced with marble and decorated with bronze prows. The Augustan rostra were called the rostra vetera in contrast with the platform tribuna in front of the podium of the temple of Divus Iulius (29), also treated as rostra with ships' prows from Actium.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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