Banker and politician. Rothschild's father, of a family of German Jews, came to England in 1797 to conduct business and was greatly employed in financing the Napoleonic wars. Lionel succeeded to the English business in 1836, supplied loans for the Crimean War, and provided Disraeli with £4 million in 1876 for the purchase of the Suez canal shares. Returned to Parliament in 1847 for London as a Liberal, Rothschild could not take the required oath as a Christian and was not allowed to sit. Though re‐elected in 1849, 1852, and 1857, it was not until the law was changed in 1858 that he could take his seat.
Subjects: British History.