A large cave system in the Dordogne of southern France with occupation deposits in the entrance area dating to the period between 9000 and 8000 bc, the Sauveterrian. In 1947 speleologists reported Magdalenian cave paintings and engraved drawings of animals inside the cave, and in 1956 further panels were discovered. The images are dominated by over 100 illustrations of mammoths, which have caused some controversy because mammoths were believed to have been extinct in the area before the end of the Pleistocene.
L. R. Nougier and R. Romain, 1958, The cave of Rouffignac. London: G. Newnes