The generic name for the medieval ship, at least up to the 15th century, with the exception of the galley and the longship. The average proportion of length to beam was two, or two and a half, to one and they were normally single masted with a single square sail hoisted on a yard. Within the generic term were subdivisions, such as cog, dromon, etc., all of them basically of the typical round ship design. They were the standard ship for almost all sea purposes, being used as warships, transports, and as cargo carriers.
Subjects: Maritime History.